How to Conjugate for Levantine Arabic Verbs in Present Tense

I’m not sure about you, but one of my major challenges while learning Arabic was always (and still is some days!) remembering the different conjugations for different pronouns. And no wonder, with 14 different pronouns, I used to dread having to use some of the less common ones, like huma and antunna. Combine that with the grammar rules, and it’s no surprise that all of us struggle with it some days!

The good news about conjugating for Ammiyah is that it’s much easier than for Fus-ha.

For example, let’s take a simple verb like يكتب / yaktubu,  which means to write. If you were to conjugate the word for the different pronouns for Fus-ha, the conjugation table would look like the table below.

(Please note that all the conjugations have been done in مرفوع  / marfoo’ form. If you’re not sure what مرفوع / منصوب/ مجرور (marfoo’ / manSuub / majroor) means, please click here.)

Conjugation Table for Present Tense – Fusha

ضمير Pronunciation Pronoun Conjugation Pronunciation
أنت Anta You (masculine) تكتب taktub
أنت Anti You (feminine) تكتبين taktubeena

أنتما – مذكر

Antuma Two of you (masculine) تكتبان taktubani
أنتما – مؤنث Antuma Two of you (feminine) تكتبان taktubani
أنتم Antum All of you (masculine) تكتبون taktubuuna
أنتن Antunna All of you (feminine) تكتبن taktubna
هو Huwa He يكتب yaktub
هي Hiya She تكتب taktub
هما – مذكر Huma Two of them (masculine) يكتبان yaktubani
هما – مؤنث Huma Two of them (feminine) تكتبان taktubani
هم Hum All of them (masculine) يكتبون yaktubuuna
هن Hunna All of them (feminine) تكتبن yaktubna
أنا Ana I اكتب aktub
نحن NaHnu We / Us نكتب naktub

In Amiyyah, however, things get far simpler.

First of all, it does away with a bunch of pronouns altogether, meaning they are not used at all. You’ll be glad to know these are the more tricky ones, namely:

أنتما – مذكر Two of you (masculine)
أنتما – مؤنث Two of you (feminine)
أنتن All of you (feminine)
هما – مذكر Two of them (masculine)
هما – مؤنث Two of them (feminine)
هن All of them (feminine)

What’s the difference?

1. Firstly, anything more than one person is simply considered plural, so dual forms do not exist.

For example, two of you would simply be considered إنتو / intu while two of them would simply be هم / hume.

2. Secondly, there is no distinction made between plural masculine and plural feminine.

So all of you (feminine) and all of you (masculine) would just be إنتو / intu.  Similarly, all of them (masculine) and all of them (feminine) would just be هم / hume.

Therefore, the conjugation table for Amiyyah looks like this for the word يكتب / yaktub (to write).

Conjugation Table for Present Tense – Amiyyah

ضمير Pronunciation Pronoun Conjugation Pronunciation
إنت Inta You (masculine)  بتكتب btiktub
إنت Inti You (feminine)  بتكتبي btiktubi
إنتو Intu Both/ All of you (masculine and feminine)  بتكتبو btiktubu
هو Huwe He  بكتب biktub
هي Hiye She  بتكتب btiktub
هم Hume Both / All of them (masculine and feminine)  بكتبو biktubu
أنا Ana I  بكتب baktub
احنا NiHna / iHna We / Us  منكتب mniktub

 

 

 

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